Afghanistan Situation

Afghanistan remains one of the most complex humanitarian situations in the world.

Some 3.5 million people are internally displaced by conflict, as well as 2.3 million refugees & asylum-seekers from Afghanistan in neighbouring countries. 

Footage: © UNHCR

Following more than 40 years of conflict, natural disasters, chronic poverty, food insecurity and the COVID-19 pandemic, the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan has reached unprecedented levels. Please help us reach displaced families with urgent aid in Afghanistan.


Stoves and fuel

to cook meals, generate heat and dry wet clothing 


Emergency shelter

to protect a family from the harsh elements 




Emergency cash assistance

to help families access food and medicine

What is the situation in Afghanistan?

The people of Afghanistan have lived with conflict for more than four decades. Entire generations have never known peace and millions remain displaced.  

Renewed violence and instability, alongside severe drought and economic crisis, have created an unprecedented humanitarian crisis. There are currently almost 2.3 million refugees and asylum-seekers from Afghanistan, in addition to the 3.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) within Afghanistan.

Many fled with very few belongings and are struggling to survive in appalling conditions, living in flimsy shelters. UNHCR is on the ground and doing everything possible to deliver relief, but urgently needs public support  to help it reach families in desperate need.


How is aid getting into the country?

By road and by air. Throughout the crisis, UNHCR has continued to get humanitarian supplies into the country through the Pakistan border. When needs increased after August, UNHCR opened a new road route in the north from Uzbekistan.

Is aid reaching the people who need it?

Yes. As well as emergency shelter, families have been provided with essentials like cooking sets, blankets and hygiene supplies. These supplies have helped people to survive, but the worsening economic situation means lives remain in the balance.

On 22 June, a 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck the Central Region of Afghanistan. Following the earthquake, UNHCR and other agencies assessed the area and found extensive damage to houses, absence of basic services such as water, education, health, electricity, access roads in the remote locations and lack of viable livelihood opportunities.

In response, UNHCR has distributed 1,600 tents and non-food item kits benefiting a total of 11,200 affected individuals in Khost and Pakitka provinces. UNHCR also distributed 1,500 dignity kits to the two affected provinces for 10,500 vulnerable women and girls.

Is the new government confiscating UNHCR humanitarian supplies?

No. UNHCR aid shipments are reaching their intended recipients. Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, visited Kabul in September. After talks with the interim government he said: “I welcomed their commitments to provide security and enable humanitarian access throughout the country. They recognized the needs and thanked the UN for providing help to Afghans.” 

What is UNHCR doing to help women and girls?

UNHCR has advocated strongly for the protection of the rights of all Afghan women and minorities, and to ensure female staff can continue to work safely. As long as it’s possible to do so, UNHCR will stay and deliver in Afghanistan and continue to support women, children and men, as it has done for over 40 years.

Where have displaced Afghans fled to?

Most displacement in 2021 and 2022 has been internal – Afghan civilians are being forced to flee their homes and seek refuge in other parts of the country.  

Outside Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan have generously hosted Afghan refugees for several years and granted them access to health and education systems.

UNHCR welcomes these governments’ continued commitments to hosting asylum-seekers amidst the added health and socio-economic challenges of COVID-19.

Where can I access the latest data and reports?

Afghanistan Situation Portalfor the latest updates on the situation overall, including UNHCR situation reports, funding requirements and UNHCR’s support for neighbouring countries taking in refugees from Afghanistan.

Afghanistan Operationsfor the latest on UNHCR’s relief work to protect displaced people inside Afghanistan.

Did you know more than 65 percent of Afghanistan’s 35 million people are young people?

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